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Modernism had a dramatic impact upon 20th century architecture and design. Modernism was an anti-historical, supremely rational style that emerged in Europe. During its second phase, Modernism spread beyond Europe and came to be known as the International Style.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +15 votes | 7 comments
The most successful of the émigré Modernists was Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Mies had been a principal of the Bauhaus, but he moved to America after trying and failing to get work from the Nazis. He got a job at the Illinois Institute of Technology and began designing office blocks for large corporations and luxury apartments for the rich.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +7 votes | 3 comments
By the 1950s and 60s, however, the orthodoxy of Modernism started to break up. Even Modernist designers seemed to want something new. Their work from this period became less reliant on strict architectural doctrine and more expressive.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +9 votes | 5 comments
A renewed desire for something more traditional was felt among architects, who began to create traditional architectural vocabularies in a new shape and include them in their work.
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 71 months ago in Architecture | +24 votes | 19 comments
The Festival of Britain was a national exhibition held in London in May 1951. Britain had fought victoriously in the Second World War, but it was devastated by the conflict. Well into the 1950s Britain was still immersed in post-war austerity: the urban landscape was scarred by bomb damage, rationing was still in force and the economy was in ruins. To show the way forward the government held an exhibition on the South Bank of the River Thames in London called the Festival of Britain.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +13 votes | 6 comments
The Great Exhibition was an international trade fair that took place in 1851. It was organised by Henry Cole and Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria. The most industrially advanced nations and their empires participated, making the ‘Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of all Nations’ the largest exhibition ever held.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +13 votes | 8 comments
The principles of the Arabic town planning approach also constituted a framework for understanding planning for sustainability.
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 71 months ago in Architecture | +24 votes | 12 comments
Traditional values should be considered and persevered and at the same time, human being should exploit the advances of modern science. In addition, technology should be subjected to the economy, materials of a particular region and the human response to the natural environment, in order to create a better built environment.
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 71 months ago in Architecture | +20 votes | 11 comments
Bani-Malik is an unplanned neighborhood, which lies in the heart of Jeddah, one of the most cosmopolitan cities in Saudi Arabia. Bani-Malik is occupied by residents from diverse international countries, mostly from Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, and Saudi.
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 71 months ago in Architecture | +26 votes | 17 comments
Art Nouveau was a luxurious style of the decorative arts that swept through Europe at the turn of the century. It lasted from about 1880 to 1914. Art Nouveau spread throughout Europe and America, but it was never fully accepted in Britain. The erotic imagery was felt to be too risqué.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +19 votes | 8 comments
William Morris (1834-1896) was the leader of the Arts and Crafts movement. A true Victorian polymath, Morris was a writer, designer and social reformer. He was actually a radical who questioned the values of his day. In particular, Morris was appalled by the effects of industry.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +18 votes | 8 comments
The 1960s were known as the ‘Space Age’ for a number of reasons: the Space Race was underway, with America and Russia were competing for supremacy in space; and the first moon landing occurred in 1969. The enthusiasm for all things futuristic gave rise to a Space Age style based on capsule and pod-shaped furniture. This space age look can best be described ‘far out’.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +14 votes | 14 comments
The renowned Jordanian architect, Rasem Badran (b.1945) is one of the few Arab architects whose passion for architectural national identity led him to successfully develop personal architectural views and concepts that spread throughout the Arab and developing world.
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 71 months ago in Architecture | +25 votes | 18 comments
The new office was a red brick edifice designed in the High Victorian Gothic style by G.G. Hoskins (1837-1911) of Darlington.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +12 votes | 10 comments
As industrial city, however, Newcastle was widely perceived as an industrial wasteland, one either devoid of architectural merit or so polluted that its buildings could not shine through the pall of soot and smoke.
Published by MJ5446 71 months ago in Architecture | +10 votes | 3 comments
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