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The Umayyads Dynasty in Spain (675-1031) reached the peak of its power at the time of the caliph Abd al-Rahman 111 (929-961). The caliph Abd al-Rahman 111 initiated the construction of the city in 936 and after his death in 961, his son, Al-Hakam 11 continued the work in the city. In 1010, Medinat Al-Zahra, which was once the symbol of the caliph’s power, and flourished for approximately 80 years was destroyed by rebellious Berber clans from North Africa. The city was buried for almost 900 yea...
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 243 months ago in Architecture | +0 votes | 0 comments
During the industrial revolution, BritainÂ’s towns and cities experienced rapid expansion. Faced with the problem of housing the new industrial classes, Sunderland, in the North East of England, evolved a distinctive form of low-cost housing: single-storey terraces that came to be known as Sunderland cottages. The legacy of the Sunderland cottage is problematic for modern homeowners and conservationists alike. This was never more evident than in the 1950s and 60s. In an era when town plann...
Published by MJ5446 243 months ago in Architecture | +12 votes | 8 comments
Between 675 and 1031, Córdoba was the capital of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain, and one of the outstanding buildings of the city is the Great Mosque of Cordoba (known as the Mesquita in Spanish). The Mosque is considered an outstanding example of the architecture of both Muslims and Christians and its masses represented an unprecedented architectural composition.
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 83 months ago in Architecture | +30 votes | 21 comments
Denys Lasdun (1914-2001) was one of the greatest British architects of the post-war period. He designed some of the most notable examples of Brutalist architecture in Britain, including the National Theatre in London. Lasdun's style combined cubic towers, bare concrete and jutting horizontal planes. He developed a language of architecture that was tough, tectonic and highly intellectual.
Published by MJ5446 243 months ago in Architecture | +12 votes | 4 comments
The Umayyad descendants of Abd al-Rahman I ruled Spain for more than 270 years. The most influential member of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain was Abd al-Rahman III who reigned between 912 and 961 and his son al-Hakam II (r. 961–76). During their reign, Cordoba enjoyed unprecedented prosperous period of art and architecture and became one of the most important cultural centers in the Islamic world as well as the greatest intellec tual center in Europe
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 83 months ago in Architecture | +30 votes | 23 comments
Every country is concerned about creating a specific system that should be followed and strictly applied in order to create an architect. But do school of architecture create architects or do they merely prepare them to be architects. In fact, what we are doing in the various styles of education in the architecture schools is only preparing prospective young students to face the real life of building industry and that they are responsible about gaining experience and follow the rapid growing tec...
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 83 months ago in Architecture | +30 votes | 22 comments
Vladimir Tatlin was a painter and architect who became one of the central figures in the Russian avante-garde following the Revolution of 1917. A progenitor of the Constructivist movement, he is best known for his unrealised but visionary design for a giant tower, Monument to the Third International.
Published by MJ5446 243 months ago in Architecture | +11 votes | 6 comments
Umayyad is the first great Islamic dynasty, whose history can be divided into two periods; the Umayyad dynasty in Syria (661-750), and the Umayyad dynasty in Spain (756 - 1031). This article will shed light on the architectural production of the Umayyad dynasty in Syria, which was established in 661 by Mu'awiya, a companion of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh).
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 83 months ago in Architecture | +27 votes | 15 comments
One of the most popular iconic landmarks in the world is undoubtedly the Eiffel Tower of Paris, the capital city of France and the most visited city in the world. This architectural masterpiece created by Gustav Eiffel in the late 19th century is the most photographed manmade object in the world. Here are some of the most interesting facts about this historic, controversial and captivating and extremely famous tower.
Published by Nobert Bermosa 83 months ago in Architecture | +4 votes | 2 comments
In many parts of the world, such as Spain, Greece, Sicily, Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco, there are rustic villages, which are traditionally painted with the white color and shine under the sun. The villagesÂ’ charming white houses and beautiful plazas are spectacular places, which express the traditional life style and provide a sense of relaxation and enjoyment.
Published by Abdel-moniem El-Shorbagy 83 months ago in Architecture | +31 votes | 27 comments
This series of articles considers research methods one can use at MasterÂ’s level and beyond. I want to talk about the realities of doing an extended research project and to give you some practical advice based on personal experience. IÂ’m going to discuss some of the techniques I used in my PhD. My research was in architectural history, but IÂ’ll explain some of the techniques of historical research which you might consider using in your work. IÂ’ll also try to give you generic ...
Published by MJ5446 83 months ago in Architecture | +38 votes | 11 comments
The article focuses on primary sources, exploring the range of material available to historians. It gives advice on how to use architectural plans, archival photographs, maps, street directories and architectural journals. It also provides advice on how to use these sources in conjunction with each other in order to build up a composite picture.
Published by MJ5446 243 months ago in Architecture | +12 votes | 6 comments
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